Makahiki Administration and Gamification, Version 3

Issues To Address

After reviewing the latest plan for my application, my professor pointed out a few areas of the design that might require further thought. The goal of my application was to provide a potentially wiki-like means for users to create guides, combined with a Stack Overflow-like means of awarding reputation and pointing out issues for future work.

The problem with this kind of system is that it is mostly disconnected from whatever documentation the developers produce – it may not keep up with software updates or newly discovered bugs, and at best it serves as a kind of patch on flaws in the developer documentation. As my professor pointed out, unless the authors are careful to mention specific details about their guide (what OS it applies to, what version of the software it’s meant to use, et cetera) it is difficult for a new user to know if a guide is applicable, and even more difficult to know if it will work. A reputation system may or may not be helpful here; it is only as good as the number of site users who bother to rate an article, and if they do not leave comments, it is not clear which parts of the article were useful or need to be fixed.

The challenge, then, is to design a system in which users are more closely connected to the production of developer documentation. It is probably not good to go “full wiki,” as the developers should still retain some control over the direction of development and the style and organization of documentation. Furthermore, the work of wiki administration and maintenance would probably require diverting personnel from actual development tasks, which would be a problem for smaller teams. This is more of an administrative issue, though, and in principle it could be taken care of by eventually nominating administrators from the user community to enforce a Wikipedia-like manual of style. Teaching this manual of style to new users is in and of itself a problem, since it might become a new barrier to entry.

The New Workflow

The revised workflow.

Above: The revised, wiki-based workflow.


The Makahiki system already contains features for recording when users have completed certain activities and for unlocking higher tiers of activities in response. The badge system is, from a game design standpoint, easy to think of as a reward system for wiki contributions, some awarded automatically and some by the decision of administrators. (For something similar, see Wikipedia’s Barnstars.) In this system, Makahiki’s Smart Grid Game would be re-purposed for a wiki training game, in which a user plays around in a sandbox and unlocks basic user privileges as he or she goes, earning badges as a certification of basic training. Just as Wikipedia regularly selects featured articles, the authors of the highest-rated guides in each category could periodically be invited to contribute to the documentation of new builds of a software system by the developers.

I think there is also a need for an “Issue” article type, for users who have found a problem and have documented it but do not know how to fix it. Instead of just a usual bug-tracking system, which users may be unaware of, and in which it can be difficult to figure out at first glance why an issue has a certain severity rating, articles on the issues themselves could become collection points for comments, and eventually become troubleshooting guides.

In this system, articles could be segregated by project or by general category. Hypothetically, developers (as administrators) could manage the creation of article categories and the registration of new projects with the site. Links to the current versions of official documentation could be provided on the project’s page, and users could contribute to multiple projects.

On the Surface: Minor UI Tweaks

User pages, version 2.

Above: A slight redesign of the user page.


I have decided to call the more generally targeted version of the site “SetupBooster,” for reasons which in large part have to do with the lack of unused domain names related to speed and launch metaphors. (Things like rocketstart.me and Kickstarter were reserved long ago.) It is probable that SetupBooster is already taken, but I will worry about less fundamental issues like site name and logo after the site itself is up and running. The slight redesign adds more mentions of user achievements and article ratings, and eliminates the newsfeed (which was essentially a duplicate of the newsfeed on the main page).

Since Issues is going to be an article type, the system for reporting problems with articles is being renamed to “bugs.” Both have similar meanings, but I am not sure which name would be more or less confusing for each. The article categorization system is probably just going to be an identifying string without any article format restrictions, as I can’t think of a specific format to write an issue report in that would differ substantially from an article – both would be required to include software version and operating system, and would feature a general description of some aspect of the software. This allows additional types of articles – suggestions for future development, or in the context of Makahiki, popular community-designed widgets with good setup documentation for creating them – to be added to the system more easily. A manual of style could be created for each type, but that is probably something best left to human administrators to enforce.

In One Month

In one month, I will attempt to integrate an open-source wiki application and a ratings module into Django and see if Makahiki’s Smart Grid Game can be configured to detect changes to versions of an article. Though the django-wikiapp and django-ratings look promising at first glance, I do not know what will be involved in integrating them with each other and the Makahiki badges system. At a minimum, it is my hope that, by the end of this semester, test users will be able to create a new user, run through a series of training games in their own article sandbox which reward them with badges, create and edit their own test articles, and rate their quality. Depending on how similar the wiki application is to Wikipedia, I may not need to implement a separate commenting system if the wiki application provides Talk pages. The short-term goal of this project is to create a ratings-driven Wikipedia-like system that runs on Django, uses the Smart Grid Game to train users, and possibly awards badges based on a running count of how often the user has done certain editing tasks.

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